Aisha Zubair* and Naeem Aslam
Affiliation: National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
*Email: [email protected]
Abstract: Much of the recent literature on organizational behavior and psychology provides evidence that proactive behavior and leader-member exchange would be contributory factors of innovative work behavior. Somewhat surprisingly, very limited attention has been devoted to the significant role that innovative work behavior played in organization. Thus, the present study aimed at examining the relationship of proactive behavior, leader-member exchange, and innovative work behavior among employees of software houses. The sample comprised of 500 employees, including both men and women from different private sector software houses of Federal city. Proactive Behavior Scale (Seibert, Kraimer, & Crant, 2001), Leader-Member Exchange-7 Questionnaire (Schriesheim, Neider, Scandura, & Tepper, 1992), and Innovative Work Behavior Scale (Janssen, 2000) were used to assess the research framework. Results showed significant positive relationship between proactive behavior and leader-member relations. Similarly, proactive behavior and leader-member relations were positively associated with innovative work behavior. It was also found that employees with higher level of education and extended work experience exhibited better proactive behavioral tendencies, leader-member relations, and innovative work behavior. Future research directions and implications of the study were also discussed.
Keywords: Proactive Behavior; Leader-Member Exchange; Innovative Work Behavior; Software Houses; Employees.